Nature Under Siege: Portrait of Environmental Crisis in the Niger Delta

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Lapin pointed out that in the eastern part of the delta, the resource curse actually goes back years, to the slave trade and palm oil. At the peak of their activities, insurgent activity has cut oil production between 25 and 35 percent, Lapin said, prompting oil companies to move further and further off-shore in recent years.

Topics: Africa , climate change , conflict , demography , foreign policy , natural resources , Nigeria , population , poverty , security , UK , water , youth. Wilson Center Scholar Uche Igwe featured in part two of this series was interviewed by the Nigerian Compass about the recent upsurge in violence in the Delta and the breakdown of amnesty, saying in part: "The complexity of the Niger Delta conflict is something familiar to very many people.

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COM has chosen English as your language setting. COM in 30 languages. Deutsche Welle. Audiotrainer Deutschtrainer Die Bienenretter. Africa Niger Delta crisis escalates Nigeria's oil-dependent economy is under siege from militants who are targeting oil and gas installations in the Niger Delta. Akhaine said the government seemed to have no means of stopping the Niger Delta Avengers. President Buhari says he is committed to cleaning up the Niger Delta. Date Please include your name and country in your reply. Related content. Join the discussion at facebook.

Kapuscinski is said to have kept two notebooks in the field: one for reporting facts and one for capturing impressions. With Love Thy Neighbor Maass folded the two into one. Although Love Thy Neighbor is chronological, it is not straightforward reportage.

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Part journal, part confession, the book traces Maass's journey across the landscape of the war while charting his slow surrender to moral exhaustion. In the early days, he recalls, he remained curious and vigilant, even in the face of atrocity. Days after photos of skeletal Bosnian prisoners began circling the globe, he requested and was granted permission to visit the camps.

At Omarska, an abandoned mining compound that had been converted for the day into a showpiece POW facility, he declined to interview any of the prisoners for fear of somehow hastening their execution. Later, in an interview he described as "hallucinogenic," he boldly confronted Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic with what he had seen. One way to understand the war, Maass suggests, is to grapple with the persistent triumph of such "official truths" over blaring evidence to the contrary.

But he also offers another, quasi-Hobbesian explanation: within human nature, he suggests, lies a "wild beast" that's always "waiting in the long grass of history for the right moment to pounce. Despite some similarities in approach, Love Thy Neighbor and Crude World are vastly different projects. Love Thy Neighbor is the product of significant immersion; it must have taken months in such a dark horror chamber before Maass's eyes began to adjust. Crude World is an international hopscotch; its insights are therefore more provisional, less textured.

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Indeed it is, and its radius is continually expanding as demand seeps into the developing world and new fields are opened to prospecting. Maass's impulse to move around is understandable. But one wonders what the world of oil would have looked like had he regarded it from a single vantage point. In an abstract sense, of course, he did. No matter where he is situated, he fixes his eye on the power dynamics that make the "machine of destiny" hum and allow it to roll over so many people. But since each outpost reveals the global supply chain, perhaps it would have been more fruitful for him to dig in.

  • Grave Illusions (Jess Vandermire, Vampire Hunter Book 1).
  • Niger Delta crisis escalates;
  • Shadow on Cant-dog Hill (North Country Mysteries Book 1).

Crude World is mercifully light on policy recommendations, but they are not absent. In a brief conclusion, Maass proposes a few ways to put the brakes on the oil industry. Some are familiar: stronger regulation, investment in renewable energy, dramatic reductions in carbon emissions, conservation, wind farms, light rail.

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Others have not yet made their way into mainstream discussion but should. Compulsory disclosure of all oil contracts would help bring much-needed accountability to the signatories.

UN slams Shell over Nigeria oil pollution

Development aid, properly administered, can foster the use of greener fuels and technologies and decrease the value of oil, while limiting the potential for developed nations to exploit a new market. The United States, the world's largest consumer of oil by a wide margin, should set the example on all these fronts. Maass, who has made a career of spotting gaps between rhetoric and action, does not seem sanguine about the prospects of a green revolution. Nor is this book intended as a catalyst.

Crude World may wind up shelved in the growing library of books that chart paths toward a sustainable future, but it belongs in a different class. The book is not about oil policy or the energy crisis, at least not primarily; it is a moral reckoning with basic instincts.

Nigeria’s Future Clouded by Oil, Climate Change, and Scarcity [Part One, The Delta]

Fear, greed, desire, exploitation: as we draw oil from the ground, oil draws out these unflattering qualities in us. Crude world, indeed. When Maass peers down the well, he sees another beast writhing. Global Policy Forum distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

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